There are many theories about what is human nature. Are we naturally selfish? Altruistic? Rational? Or just plain dumb? Let’s see this from an economic standpoint. There are some people that are poor. On one side of the argument, they choose to be poor (probably because of bad decisions). On the other side, it was just bad luck that they happened to be born in a bad time in a bad place, that it makes it impossible to get out of that situation (being born in a ghetto, for example).
So here’s a thought experiment: Suppose we made it so that everyone was purely equal, not just in terms of economics, but also in intelligence, possessions, and status. Everyone is equal, period. Now this equality will have to be forced. We’ll make sure that no one has more or less than anyone.
Let’s say we do this until everyone’s equal (this might last a few generations). Within this time, everyone’s leveled off and everyone’s equal.
Now, suppose that after this experiment is done, we release the restrictions. What would happen? Would we see it revert back to how it is now? Would we see society becoming more perfected? Or would society become something worse than it is?